From the comments of Uncommon Descent’s Brian Keating on the problem with “Follow the Science”
(The bold of “Presupposition #” is mine)
Via Stephen Meyer’s new book, here are the three necessary presuppositions that lay at the founding of modern science in Medieval Christian Europe.
“Science in its modern form arose in the Western civilization alone, among all the cultures of the world”, because only the Christian West possessed the necessary “intellectual presuppositions”.
– Ian Barbour
Presupposition 1: The contingency of nature
“In 1277, the Etienne Tempier, the bishop of Paris, writing with support of Pope John XXI, condemned “necessarian theology” and 219 theses separate theses influenced by Greek philosophy about what God could and couldn’t do.”,,
“The order in nature could have been otherwise (therefore) the job of the natural philosopher, (i.e. scientist), was not to ask what God must have done but (to ask) what God actually did.”
Presupposition 2: The intelligibility of nature
“Modern science was inspired by the conviction that the universe is the product of a rational mind who designed it to be understood and who (also) designed the human mind to understand it.” (i.e. human exceptionalism),
“God created us in his own image so that we could share in his own thoughts”
– Johannes Kepler
Presupposition 3: Human Fallibility
“Humans are vulnerable to self-deception, flights of fancy, and jumping to conclusions.”, (i.e. original sin), Scientists must therefore employ “systematic experimental methods.”
– Stephen Meyer on Intelligent Design and The Return of the God Hypothesis – Hoover Institution