Category Archives: Uncategorized

The Death Spiral of Avoiding Genesis

This is simply true.

By refusing to uphold the historically factual nature of Genesis — and by following any of the various backbroken seminary compromises with an intensely anti-Christian, intensely lawless enemy — we throw away our children, and our future.

Who is the final authority? God or Man?

The solid majority of Christians in the West say MAN is the final authority. Including the solid majority of pastors, when they insist that evolutionary science is actually true – and thus, the Word of God is false.

This needs to change. And it will change.

If that means that the whore-temple needs to burn down… well, God has done that before.


With the hands of pagans carrying the torches and the swords of His wrath.

Worthy of Consideration: Power of the Powerless


—<Quote begins>—

I recently finished reading what I believe to be the most important political essay of our time. It’s called The Power of the Powerless and it was written by Václav Havel, a political dissident in the Communist Czechoslovak Socialist Republic who went on to become the President of Czechoslovakia after the fall of the Communist Regime.

His essay is so profoundly illuminating and refreshing to read as an American dissident under the Communist Oligarch Regime of the United States. Havel uses a Green Grocer as a central character throughout the essay to illustrate a prototypical Regime slave. People we would mock today as “NPCs” of the system.

The Green Grocer hangs up a sign in his store window, “Workers of the World, Unite!” not because he believes in workers of the world united but rather to virtue signal to the world that he is an obedient slave of the Regime. This is not unlike the businesses that fly pride flags or hang up Black Lives Matter signs in their establishments today. It’s not unlike the teens posting black squares on Instagram. It’s not unlike the people putting their pronouns in their email signatures.

As I read the essay I was captivated by Havel’s description of what it was like to “live within the lie” of the Communist regime in Czechoslovakia. The parallels between his descriptions of the people, the culture, and the political system of his time were all too familiar to what American right wing dissidents are witnessing and experiencing today.

“The post-totalitarian system touches people at every step, but it does so with its ideological gloves on. This is why life in the system is so thoroughly permeated with hypocrisy and lies: government by bureaucracy is called popular government; the working class is enslaved in the name of the working class; the complete degradation of the individual is presented as his or her ultimate liberation; depriving people of information is called making it available; the use of power to manipulate is called the public control of power; and the arbitrary abuse of power is called observing legal code; the repression of culture is called its development; the expansion of imperial influence is presented as support for the oppressed; the lack of free expression becomes the highest form of freedom; farcical elections become the highest form of democracy; banning independent thought becomes the most scientific of world views; military occupation becomes fraternal assistance. Because the regime is captive to its own lies, it must falsify everything.”

Sound familiar?

Havel even accurately describes the phenomena of President Trump and the unfortunate outcome of his attempt to “drain the Swamp,” which ended with him “losing” in a rigged election and becoming a vaccine salesman on behalf of the Swamp itself.

“In any case, experience has taught us again and again that this automatism (the Regime) is far more powerful than the will of any individual; and should someone possess a more independent will, he or she must conceal it behind a ritually anonymous mask in order to have an opportunity to enter the power hierarchy at all. And when the individual finally gains a place there and tries to make his or her will felt within it, that automatism, with its enormous inertia, will triumph sooner or later, and either the individual will be ejected by the power structure like a foreign organism, or he or she will be compelled to resign his or her individuality gradually, once again blending with the automatism and becoming its servant, almost indistinguishable from those who preceded him or her and those who will follow.”

Perhaps one of the most stunningly accurate things Havel describes is the Communist society’s utter lack of morality.

“The profound crisis of human identity brought on by living within a lie, a crisis which in turn makes such a life possible, certainly possesses a moral dimension as well; it appears, among other things, as a deep moral crisis in society. A person who has been seduced by the consumer value system, whose identity is dissolved in an amalgam of the accoutrements of mass civilization, and who has no roots in the order of being, no sense of responsibility for anything higher than his or her own personal survival, is a demoralized person. The system depends on demoralization, deepens it, is in fact a projection of it into society.”

So what is Havel’s solution to this madness?

Not politics. He mentions several times that it’s useless to participate in a rigged political system with fixed outcomes. Instead, he calls for the same thing I am calling for right now: the formation of a parallel systems.

“There can be no way around it: no matter how beautiful an alternative political model may be, it can no longer speak to the ‘hidden sphere,’ inspire people and society, call for real political ferment. The real sphere of potential politics in the post-totalitarian system is elsewhere: in the continuing and cruel tension between the complex demands of that system and the aims of life, that is, the elementary need of human beings to live, to a certain extent at least, in harmony with themselves, that is, to live in a bearable way, not to be humiliated by their superiors and officials, not to be continually watched by the police, to be able to express themselves freely, to find an outlet for their creativity, to enjoy legal security, and so on. Anything that touches this field concretely, anything that relates to this fundamental, omnipresent and living tension, will inevitably speak to people.

Abstract projects for an ideal political or economic order do not interest them to anything like the same extent–and rightfully so–not only because everyone knows how little chance they have of succeeding, but also because today people feel that the less political policies are derived from a concrete and human ‘here and now’ and the more they fix their sights on an abstract ‘some day,’ the more easily they can degenerate into new forms of human enslavement.”

People want to be able to live authentically in the truth as themselves. To speak and express themselves freely. They aren’t interested in more false promises from politicians. They want something in the here and now that can instantly solve this problem for them. Sounds a lot like Gab to me, which is why Gab continues to grow and resonate with tens of millions of people.

“These parallel structures, it may be said, represent the most articulated expressions so far of ‘living within the truth.’ One of the most important tasks the ‘dissident movements’ have set themselves is to support and develop them. Once again, it confirms the fact that all attempts by society to resist the pressure of the system have their essential beginnings in the pre-political area. For what else are parallel structures than an area where a different life can be lived, a life that is in harmony with its own aims and which in turn structures itself in harmony with those aims?

What else are those initial attempts at social self-organization than the efforts of a certain part of society to live–as a society– within the truth, to rid itself o the self-sustaining aspects of totalitarianism and, thus, to extricate itself radically from its involvement in the post-totalitarian system?

What else is it but a non-violent attempt by people to negate the system within themselves and to establish their lives on a new basis, that of their own proper identity?”

I’ve been writing about building a parallel economy, parallel internet infrastructure, and a parallel society for about a year now. There’s a reason Havel went on to become the President after the Communist Regime fell. Even though he wasn’t very keen on being President or getting involved with politics he served his country and his people by leading them up from the ashes of the former system. As always there are no new ideas under the sun, but I believe the idea of a parallel Christian economy is an idea whose time has come and Havel proved that building parallel systems works.

We can and must build parallel Christian systems in order to authentically live within the Truth of God’s Word.

To God be the Glory,

Andrew Torba
Jesus is King

Click here to view this email as a blog post and please share it!

Join the Parallel Economy

Advertise Your Business on Gab

Reach 20 million+ people who share your values

—<Quote ends>—

I’m not sure if the Parallel Economy will work, but it’s worth a shot.

(It’s better than just voting Republican, anyways!)

Note that The Power of the Powerless was written in 1978: it would take another 11 years for the Iron Curtain to fall, and another two years until the end of the Soviet Union.

Hmm… eleven years from now would be late 2032.

You might want to set some goals to achieve by that date.

Hard Data Shows the Covid Vaccines Don’t Work

If the vaccines don’t work, why all the mandates, mass firings, and Establishment scare tactics?

From Hard Data Shows the Covid Vaccines Don’t Work by By Vasko Kohlmayer

—<Quote begins>—

This level is sometimes referred to as “herd immunity.” We have been told repeatedly by experts, most notably Dr. Anthony Fauci, that the vaccination rate of 60 to 70 percent would confer herd immunity in regard to Covid 19.

Fauci’s position was roughly in line with our experience with many other diseases where such levels of inoculation have either eliminated them or made them endemic, i.e., sufficiently limited so that they do not pose a large-scale, epidemic-level threat to the community.

Some twelve months into the worldwide vaccination drive there are now a number of countries with vaccination rates of between 60 and 70 percent. There are also some countries and geographical areas with rates of 80 percent or above.

While we do not know the precise figure which would confer herd immunity against this disease, we can be sure of one thing: if the vaccines are effective, vaccination rates of more than sixty percent should result in a significant reduction in its incidence.

—<Quote ends>—

The author hear mentions “natural immunity which, according to some experts, may run as high as 50% in some populations.”

—<Quote begins>—

This, however, is not at all what has happened in most of the highly vaccinated countries and regions. What has transpired in many of them was the very opposite. Following the “success” of their vaccination drives, there occurred dramatic surges of Covid 19. Even more astonishingly, several of these countries posted a record number of cases just after achieving their very high vaccination figures.

This news may come as a shock to many people because the connection between high uptakes and subsequent explosion of cases has been virtually ignored by the mainstream media.

We will show you the reality of the situation by presenting the relevant data in an easy-to-see, straightforward way. We do this by juxtaposing graphs that depict vaccination rates with graphs that show case rates in countries with high vaccine uptakes.

—<Quote ends>—

First comes the vaccinations. Then comes the explosions in the feared “cases”… and, more seriously, more hospitalizations and deaths among the elderly.

—<Quote begins>—


On November 17, Gibraltar posted its highest number of new cases in more than 10 months. The surge became a cause of great concern and prompted the government to call off Christmas festivities. The last time Gibraltar had so many cases was at the height of the winter wave in mid-January of 2021.

(Gibraltar data via link)

The most startling aspect of the current surge is that Gibraltar is the most highly vaccinated region in the world with more than 99 percent of its population being fully vaccinated. Even more astonishingly, more than 40 percent of Gibraltarians have already received their booster.

Given what we have been told about the vaccines by the corporate media and government officials, you would be justified in thinking that this is some kind of misinformation or error. It is, however, an undeniable fact that here, in the very midst of Gibraltar’s current surge, 99 percent of its residents are fully vaxxed. This is something you can see for yourself in the chart below.

The example of Gibraltar should stand as a clear lesson and a dire warning to health officials and politicians around the world who are trying to force their populations into high vaccination uptakes. Gibraltar clearly shows that even a 99 percent vaccine rate followed by intense boostering will not tame or eliminate Covid 19 from the population. Quite to the contrary, it can coincide with near-record spikes that will likely surpass previous highs, especially as in the weeks ahead the country enters the winter period.

—<Quote ends>—

The author continues onto mention Singapore, Denmark, Ireland, Iceland, and the Cayman Islands – all of whom are highly vaccinated, and all of whom have the resulting explosions of cases.

Not all highly vaccinated countries do. Saudi Arabia, for contrast, is highly vaccinated, and has very little incidence of COVID.

The Money Shot

Vaccination has no correlation with infection or deaths.


Vaccination DOES NOT WORK.

Indeed, in many countries there is a spike in infections when the vaccine is broadly used.


The Public Health Authorities have no idea what they are doing, and no idea what works or doesn’t work.


As they don’t know what they are doing, they need to stop their costly, irrational, and ignorant interventions and mandates.

And stop the vaccinations, as they demonstrably cause harm in many (not all) populations.

Lizard People Lies, Liberty Truths, and COVID-19

From The precise moment you knew the lizard people were lying to you
by Tom Woods

—<Quote begins>—

I’ll bet a lot of people reading this had a libertarian aha moment.

For instance, I know a guy who worked at a record store (remember those?) who used to feel oddly guilty about his job, because he couldn’t shake the idea that the store was somehow taking advantage of consumers.

Then he read Murray Rothbard’s discussion of “demonstrated preference” — which means that both parties to a voluntary transaction are made better off, or the transaction would not have occurred.

He no longer felt morally conflicted, and indeed now felt quite content, about his work.

That one little “aha” changed his whole outlook.

For you, maybe it didn’t happen until the COVID craziness.

Or maybe it was the Lincoln story. One day you discovered you’d learned a cartoon version of Lincoln in school. Not the man who favored an amendment to the Constitution forever preventing the federal government from abolishing slavery, or searched until well into the war for an acceptable place to colonize the soon-to-be-freed slaves.

A discovery like that is disorienting. Because your next thought is: what other thing I thought I knew, and which was taught to me by everyone, is also a b.s. story?

My own start came during my freshman year of college, when a fellow student told me to read Modern Times by Paul Johnson.

There, he said, I would learn that the supposedly great presidents were terrible, and the supposedly terrible ones were sometimes halfway decent.


It’s simultaneously disconcerting and exhilarating.

And of course, you want others to know what you know. Especially loved ones, and above all, your kids.

Well, lucky for you, I specialize in giving people that intellectual experience again and again.

At Liberty Classroom, my dashboard, on-the-go university for libertarians, you can learn the history and economics they kept from you.

For Black Friday I’m taking a whopping 50% off the Master, lifetime membership to the site.

That’s every truth-telling course (that you can listen to at 3am if you want) we ever create. Ever.

As a bonus, you get all the courses I created for the Ron Paul Curriculum (that’s 400+ videos, also available in audio format, on government, and on pretty much every topic in Western history from the Hebrews to the present).

It took me 25+ years to learn all that.

I’ll teach it to you while you drive around.

Bash the Establishment with a baseball bat:

Tom Woods

—<Quote ends>—

Lizard People, Oppression, and War

The exact moment when I knew that Our Betters were non-stop lying?

Way back, after 1991 and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Two thoughts struck me:

“We just defeated the most murderous threat to liberty and live since the fall of the Nazis. Where is the celebration? Where are the parades? Why are there still hundreds of American bases around the world?

And — especially — why hasn’t NATO been disbanded? There is no Warsaw Pact, and I’d like the soldiers & sailors freed to work in the real economy. And a big old axe to the Pentagon budget, with a big fat tax cut to every American!1

This never happened. There was never a declaration of victory, there was never a celebration to the end of nuclear armageddon, the military budget was hardly touched, the empire of bases remained as it is, and NATO was never disbanded.

Instead, it was expanded.

And the both conservatives and progressives were happy to ram thru the Patriot Act…

(eliminating a whole slot of privacy and liberty and due process and even the basic protection of a court trial before execution!)

..and kick the war machine off as soon as 9/11 struck.

(And the FAA regulations on black boxes were dispensed with. And the evidence eliminated as fast as possible.)

That’s about nine years of peace, wasted and blown off and flittered away, as Our Betters waited and delayed and hemmed and hawed until some new engineered boogyman made his splash.

And as soon as he did, the US military struck at… Saddam Hussein.

Who wasn’t even a threat to Israel, and no threat at all against the US, and had no time for the jihadis.

(Colin Powell definitely compromised himself, going along with what he must have known was a pack of poorly-propped up CIA lies.)

Evil leaders.

But the problem is, Our Betters are not some alien that popped up from nowhere.

We Chose These Lizard Leaders

Evil leaders, arising from an evil people.

And obviously so, from the welfare-warfare state to abortion to perversion to racism. Even the casual destruction of martial vows, without recompense.

Not peace. Not justice. Not liberty. Not compassion.

Certainly not holiness or righteousness.

Just war and empire and control and fear and power.

And a raging lust, coupled with a loathing of children and responsibility and restraint.

It was Adam who chose to be the first Lizardman, the first Snakehead.

We must follow the Lamb, not the Snake.

And our repentance can’t be merely spiritual. It must be physical. It must be demonstrated in time and in space.

We must let the empire fall, the fear of man fall, the lust for power over others fall.

Our faith, trust, hope, work in God… in Christ, the Second Adam… that is the way to life.

And liberty. And even prosperity.

Fruitfulness and meaning and victory too.

Thus it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. But it is not the spiritual that is first but the natural, and then the spiritual. The first man was from the earth, a man of dust; the second man is from heaven. As was the man of dust, so also are those who are of the dust, and as is the man of heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. Just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the man of heaven.

I tell you this, brothers: flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 

I Corinthians 15:45-50, English Standard Version

Lizard People, Oppression, and Disease

It’s easier to identify when I knew I was being lied to, when it comes to COVID-19.

It was when the media stopped talking about deaths, and started talking about cases.

COVID-19 is a form of flu. Flus spread. That is life.

The actual, lethal danger from the disease is who it kills: older people, and some obese people as well.

But I can tell you this: worldwide, for the poor and the working class, more people have died from the after-effects of the lockdowns and restrictions and the oppression than from the disease.

But Our Betters don’t care about the costs the Inferiors must bear.

“Just keep the mania, and the power, and the money, and the career opportunities flowing.
From the Wrong Sort of People, to the Right Sort of People.”

I am confident that the Lizard People will pay for their evil.

But, it’s important that we repent of our own serpentine, poisonous ways.

They rule because we let them rule.

Their power, authority, and legitimacy is drawn directly from our own sinful, fearful, and faithless nature.

When we decide that we have had enough of these ignorant, destructive, and uncaring government “public health professionals”, then they — and their cages, and their poisons, and their restrictions, and their muzzles — are gone.

But not before.

1Today (AD 2021) I’d also want the following:

“While we’re at it, let’s dig up every ’emergency’ Cold War law, restriction, and executive order. Let’s get all these chains revoked, and deleted, and burnt in the fire.

And let’s disband the CIA and NSA as well: there is simply no need for these Above-the-Law agencies anymore.”

Obviously, this isn’t going to happen until after the government is properly busted, Great Default style.

We must grow, and learn, and earn our stripes now, so we can lead when the inevitable happens.

Clothed With Dignity

Below is a partial repost from Lamb’s Reign.

From Clothed With Dignity, by Sam Powell

—<Quote Begins>—

I’ve been thinking about clothing lately.

In my bible studies and in my preaching, I seem to come across this idea frequently. It bears some meditation.

Is it not to divide your bread with the hungry And bring the homeless poor into the house; When you see the naked, to cover him; And not to hide yourself from your own flesh? (Isa. 58:7)

‘I was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me.’ (Matt. 25:36)

These are the practical outworking of love, according to the Bible. A person who is born again by the spirit has been given new eyes and a new heart, and this new heart sees their neighbor differently than before. It is what is means to be united to Christ – to be more and more conformed to his image.

So when we say, “To be like Christ is to clothe the naked”, what do we mean? Of course, there are many other things mentioned – feeding the hungry, providing for your own relatives, comforting the lonely and downhearted, and so on, as well as other duties summarized in God’s law. But this is a blog, and I would just like to leave you with a couple of thoughts on just one word picture: What does it mean to clothe the naked?

The obvious is to provide clothing to those who are too poor to afford any. But I think it goes deeper.

Nakedness is always viewed as shameful in the scripture. It is exposure to the contempt and ridicule of others. To be naked is to be shamed, helpless, exposed.

In fact, in the Hebrew language, to be stripped naked is the same word used for being “exiled”. One who was captured and sent away was first stripped naked.

When one is stripped naked, they are no longer clothed with dignity and honor. They are no longer men or women to be respected, but slaves to be mocked.

Slaves were sold naked on the auction block. The clothed people who were the “masters” wanted to see their potential “property.”

In other words, to be naked is to no longer be viewed as an image-bearer of God, with dignity and honor. It is rather to be exposed to the leers and contempt of those who are clothed.

The first thing that we need to see is this – Jesus was stripped naked before he was nailed to the cross. He was stripped naked so that we might be clothed with his righteousness.

He was the fulfillment of the sign of the skins in the Garden of Eden. Right after the fall, God clothed Adam and Eve with the skin of an animal, pointing to the day when their shame and nakedness would be covered by the Sacrifice that God would provide.

Jesus was that sacrifice. He bore our shame. He bore the ridicule of the “clothed ones” so that I might be His forever, without shame, without sin, without nakedness. And he did this because of the “great love with which he loved us.”

We are now one step closer to seeing what it means to be like Christ in clothing the naked.

As far as we know, Jesus never donated coats to Goodwill. He was poor his entire life and only had one garment. But he clothed all of his people with righteousness, holiness, wisdom, acceptance, belonging – the richest clothes imaginable.

To walk in his footsteps is to do as he did: View each person you meet as an image-bearer of God, worthy of dignity and honor. It will only come as the outflowing of a heart that is born again.

If God has provided richly in material things, then certainly give coats and clothing to the poor. Be generous with your charity. This is most certainly commanded in many places in the Scripture. But Christian love goes deeper and “clothing the naked” applies whether you have money or not.

It means to be consciously aware of those around you – each one is worthy of dignity, whether they know it or not. Treat everyone you meet as worthy of your respect and dignity.

—<Quote Ends>—

Surely, we should clothe the poor and the weak physically.

The physical world actually matters. As shown by Jesus actually being incarnated in the flesh, dying in the flesh, being resurrected in the flesh, and ascending to the right hand of God in the flesh.

But, the flesh, the physical world, is an (important, valuable, and meaningful!) echo of the spirit.

We must learn to also clothe the poor and the weak with dignity and respect and honour.

We must listen, and respect, and honour, the lawful liberty of the poor.

And also loathe those who point-blank refuse to treat the poor and the weak with respect, granting them agency and liberty.

Glares at the State:

  • not only with its COVID restrictions and open contempt for the freedom of the poor man and the utter contempt for the poor man’s thinking – as well as his flesh;
  • But also with a great host of restrictions, that is quite costly for the poor to overcome… while the Politically Connected breezes by with a laugh.
  • And don’t forget “Asset Forfeiture” and the “Drug War” and the medical and legal guilds, too. The Anti-Christ State — a.k.a. The Beast — has a great hatred of the wealth and liberty of the poor, and its eagerness to price them out of their own health and freedom, is of long-standing, even from Roman- and Greek-era antiquity.
    • It’s time for God’s people to close out the iniquities of antiquity.

I’m Proud of My Pastor

No names, but he’s OPC.

Why am I so pleased?

He preached from Leviticus — Lev 25 to be exact. I have long held that any modern reformation must start with Leviticus, the book of the Law.

If one man is doing this from the pulpit, others are too.

Also, capitalism is explicitly recognized as Biblical – even as it is forbidden to charge interest on loans to the poor, or to profit from selling food to them, just as Leviticus 25 outlines.

(And also, the extra burden the COVID restrictions, lockdowns and vaccine mandates placed on the poor and powerless is also noted from the pulpit.)

And, the welfare state is condemned as so much organized theft, which it is. But if the State is not to be the saviour of the poor, who is?

The pastor asked us, whom God blessed with prosperity for our obedience, to step up to the plate. And rightly so.

The ball is now in play… and is now in this layman’s court.

It’s going to take time to get bold attitudes into bold realities.

But that’s OK: The spirit leads, and the flesh follows.

My preacher is a mouthpiece of God. And not our ruling class.

I’m proud of him.

Now comes the sweat work and the years and the muscle — and the desperate need for the Holy Spirit’s guidance — to turn the commandments of God into our lived reality.

It won’t be easy. It won’t be fast. But, it’s necessary.

God demands it. Thus, it will be done.

And the more God’s people align themselves with God’s word, preacher and layman alike, the more Christian victories we will see.

In time, and on earth.

As well as in the afterlife.

Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr. on Psalm 2

From Amill Objections to Psalm 2 Use by Kenneth L. Gentry:

—<Quote begins>—

Amillennialists often object to postmillennialism’s use of this verse [Psalm 2:8]. They complain that postmillennialists apply the terms ‘nations’ and ‘earth’ in a way that Jesus and the apostles never intended: as political entities. The amillennialist argues that the NT teaches that Christ’s making the nations and the earth his footstool simply refers to the salvation of scattered Gentiles from every tribe tongue and nation, not Christ’s influence on political structures, etc.


Second, I don’t see the problem with using Psalm 2:8 as evidence of postmillennialism. […] He is not speaking merely of scattered converts here-and-there from out of the nations. Rather he seems clearly to be speaking of vast influence over all the nations and even to the very ends of the earth. The psalm appears to be speaking of some sort of global dominance.

Third, nevertheless, I would note that David does call upon the kings and judges of the earth to do homage to the Son (Psa 2:10-12). It seems he goes to great lengths to speak of not only people in general but even their political rulers and judges.

—<Quote ends>—

Some people — especially the political power elite, but also their their religious go-fers and mouthpieces — would be a lot happier if God would just stay in the tiny little box assigned to Him in some church or shrine or temple somewhere, and leave serious men alone to do, to say, and to rule as they please.

God explicitly will not do this, as spelled out clearly in the Psalms.

Especially Psalm 2.

That wineskin is going to burst wide open. Regardless of the will of the clergy.
Or the political powers, backing the clergy on this matter.
Or that spiritual power, backing the politicians on this matter.

Smallpox: The Historical Myths behind Mandatory Vaccines

Just reading it into the record.

From, Smallpox: The Historical Myths behind Mandatory Vaccines
by Kristoffer Mousten Hansen

—<Quote begins>—

Throughout the corona “pandemic” the Holy Grail of public health officials has been vaccination: only by vaccinating enough people—first the elderly and infirm, then all adults, and now even children—can the nefarious virus be beaten. As vaccination has proven less than wholly successful in preventing the spread of coronavirus, with studies showing rapidly declining protection from the vaccines, governments have doubled down, introducing not only “booster” shots for the vaccinated but also suggesting that the unvaccinated must be pressured and, if necessary, compelled to accept the vaccine.

Rising skepticism of the efficacy of these policies, let alone their morality, is understandable. However, it is not surprising that the medical establishment of modern states is wedded to the idea of vaccination as a panacea for disease prevention. This is, in fact, something close to the founding myth of public health: mandatory vaccination is what saved the world from the great scourges of the past, and it was introduced by heroic doctors in the face of much opposition from the egoistic, the stupid, and the establishment of silly theologians who thought that diseases were the will of God and that suffering humanity simply had to accept it. The core of this myth is the case of smallpox.

The Official History of Smallpox

The legend of smallpox and its eradication as told by most textbooks and virtually the whole medical establishment goes something like this: from about the sixteenth century, Europe was ravaged by periodic epidemics of smallpox (variola major), a disease that caused pustules to erupt all over the skin and very often, in approximately a fifth of all cases, led to death. Those who survived were often scarred for life (pockmarked). Early attempts to combat it through “variolation,” i.e., inoculation of healthy adults with puss from infected individuals, proved ineffective—while those who survived this treatment were immune, the practice also served to keep the disease alive and circulating in the population.1

Then, in 1796, the heroic Dr. Edward Jenner made the crucial discovery: anecdotal evidence suggested that milkmaids did not contract smallpox and Dr. Jenner surmised that contact with cattle had exposed them to cowpox (variola vaccinia), a disease that was much milder in humans. He therefore experimented with inoculating children with cowpox, and when he later exposed the same to smallpox through variolation, they proved to be immune. The medical establishment, in the form of the Royal Society, dismissed the good Dr. Jenner, but nothing daunted, he proceeded to promote his new treatment of “vaccination” and quickly received support from enlightened doctors and statesmen, who sponsored his scheme. Thousands were vaccinated in Great Britain within a couple of years, and the treatment spread to other European countries. Childhood vaccination was made mandatory in the “enlightened” despotisms of Bavaria (1807), Prussia (1835), Denmark (1810), and Sweden (1814) in short order and promoted everywhere else if not exactly imposed. Eventually, the English too would impose mandatory vaccination in spite of early opposition from people such as the farmer, journalist, and all-round Chad2 William Cobbett:

I was always, from the very first mention of the thing, opposed to the Cow-Pox scheme…. I, therefore, as will be seen in the pages of the Register of that day, most strenuously opposed the giving of twenty thousand pounds to JENNER out of the taxes, paid in great part by the working people….

…. This nation is fond of quackery of all sorts; and this particular quackery having been sanctioned by King, Lords and Commons, it spread over the country like a pestilence borne by the winds … [I]n hundreds of instances, persons cow-poxed by JENNER HIMSELF, have taken the real small-pox afterwards, and have either died from the disorder, or narrowly escaped with their lives!2

Reactionaries like Cobbett spreading misinformation notwithstanding, vaccination was a great success: the death toll of the smallpox fell drastically across Europe in the first decades of the nineteenth century, despite a few setbacks such as epidemics in the 1860s, the 1870s, and the 1880s. These, of course, simply proved the necessity of revaccination and that the minority of vaccine resisters had to be persuaded and cajoled to take the vaccine. If anyone doubts this, the experience of the Franco-Prussian War, fought in the middle of a Europe-wide smallpox pandemic, provides conclusive proof: the Prussian army, virtually all of whose soldiers had been vaccinated, proved highly resistant to the disease, while the French recruits, often drawn from benighted Catholic families skeptical of the vaccine, fell like flies.

Finally, the campaign led by Donald Henderson to eradicate smallpox worldwide through vaccination proved a great success. In 1980 the World Health Organization declared the disease eradicated.

Realities of Smallpox

The careful reader may have concluded from some injudicious remarks in the previous section, that I do not fully accept this story. Indeed, while some of the major facts are correct—smallpox was a major killer, and it did disappear after the global campaign—the role of vaccination and especially of mandatory vaccination is greatly exaggerated. Two simple facts show this:

  1. The decline in mortality from smallpox across Europe began in 1800, before the vaccine was widely distributed and before it was made mandatory anywhere, and it is therefore simply impossible to credit this decline to Jenner and the vaccine.
  2. There were epidemics in practically every decade thereafter, but in the 1890s fatality fell through the floor—by the early 1900s, smallpox was practically indistinguishable from chicken pox. The reason was that a new strain of the virus, variola minor, developed and outcompeted the lethal strain.

The first point is easily seen in Henderson’s own graph:3

smallpox fatalities Sweden

Similar graphs could be replicated for all European countries.4 The idea that vaccination caused the decline is obviously untenable, as the practice of vaccination did not spread that widely instantly. Early compulsory vaccination (Bavaria in 1807, Denmark in 1810) also came after the decline.

If the decline in overall mortality is not due to the vaccine, did it not at least limit epidemics when they did occur? The Franco-Prussian War is the clearest indicator of this, as the unvaccinated French succumbed while the Prussians remained healthy. This was and is a main piece of evidence for the efficacy of the vaccine. The only problem with it is that it’s entirely false.

First, while the Prussian army did not experience a high mortality rate from smallpox, there was a deadly epidemic in Prussia—in fact, Prussia was the country hardest hit in Europe, with a total death toll above sixty-nine thousand. Perhaps young men did not succumb, but the other Prussians did not prove as hardy. Second, while it is true that there was no compulsory vaccination in France and that rates of vaccination were low, the French soldiers were vaccinated upon enrollment. If anything, the experience of the Franco-Prussian War proved that vaccination was powerless against the epidemic of 1870–71.5

The second point is widely admitted, although Henderson still insinuates that vaccine availability was an important factor to the eradication of smallpox in Europe. Perhaps the argument could be made, though I have nowhere seen it, that vaccination led to the development of variola minor, which eventually displaced the serious strain. However, in order to see how vaccination was unimportant to the end of European smallpox, we need to return to where it all started—England.

The English Experience

While the English were initially enthusiastic for vaccination, compulsion was quickly needed to spread the practice of infant vaccination. The Act of 1840 established payment of public vaccinators out of the rates (i.e., local taxes), and the Acts of 1853, 1867, and 1871 established a system of compulsory vaccination. Parents who refused to have their children vaccinated were punished by heavy fines and imprisonment.

While the English generally complied with vaccine requirements, the compulsory acts led to the establishment of a National Anti-Compulsory Vaccination League. One important center of this league was the large industrial town of Leicester.6 It was only after the epidemic of 1871–72 that resistance to compulsion began to spread: parents asked, not unreasonably, why they should subject their children to the risks of vaccination when they died in the epidemic anyway? The antivaccination agitation culminated with a large demonstration in Leicester in March 1885 with participants from all over the country and many expressions of sympathy from abroad.7 The demonstrators carried banners with slogans such as “Liberty Is Our Birthright, and Liberty We Demand” and “The Three Pillars of Vaccination—Fraud, Force, and Folly.”

The antivaccinationists had successfully acquired control of the Corporation of Leicester in 1882, although the Board of Guardians enforcing vaccination was independent of the town council. At the same time, noncompliance with infant vaccination spread: by the mid-1880s, less than half of all infants in Leicester were vaccinated and the trend continued. In 1886, the Board of Guardians in Leicester stopped enforcement of the Vaccination Acts. The citizens of Leicester through a campaign of nonviolent protest and noncompliance had effectively nullified the Vaccination Acts. We might expect that when the next epidemic arrived in England, in 1892–94, Leicester would be particularly hard hit, but not so: only 357 cases, or 20.5 per 10,000, occurred in Leicester as compared to 125.3 and 144.2 per 10,000 in the well-vaccinated towns of Warrington and Sheffield, respectively.8 The fatality rate in Leicester was also low, at only 21 deaths, or 5.8 percent.

That Leicester did not become a plague spot is not simply due to the inefficacy of vaccination. Rather, the town developed a system of dealing with smallpox, the Leicester Method, which subsequently spread to the rest of England from about 1900.

The Leicester Method was organized by Dr. J. W. Crane Johnston, assistant medical officer from 1877–80 and medical officer from 1880–85. Johnston’s method was simple: immediate notification when a case of smallpox was discovered, admission to the hospital of the patient, and quarantine of the closest contacts. Notification had already been established, as the Town Council Sanitary Committee in 1876 decided that 2 s. 6 d. should be paid to any case of smallpox, scarlet fever, or erysipelas, who would consent to hospital admission.9 The town council, and the antivaccinationists generally, also stressed the importance of sanitation, good hygiene, and healthy living.

So successful did the Leicester experience prove that other English towns started to copy it and notification became national law in 1899. Meanwhile, vaccination rates steadily declined, but despite epidemics in 1892–94 and 1901 nothing like the old fatality rates reoccurred. Dr. Millard, who became medical officer in Leicester in 1901, spoke frequently about both the benefits of the Leicester Method and the dangers of childhood vaccination, as modified smallpox in a vaccinated adult could be a hidden source of infection and thus place the whole community at risk.

In 1948, compulsory smallpox vaccination was officially abolished, but by then the entire English population was de facto unvaccinated—and untouched by smallpox. Taking stock of the situation in 1946, Dr. G. K. Bowes said:

Its decline in the later decades of the nineteenth century was at one time almost universally attributed to vaccination, but it is doubtful how true this is. Vaccination was never carried out with any degree of completeness, even among infants, and was maintained at a high level for a few decades only. There was therefore always a large proportion of the population unaffected by the vaccination laws. Revaccination affected only a fraction. At present the population is largely entirely unvaccinated. Members of the public health service now flatter themselves that the cessation of such outbreaks as do occur is due to their efforts. But is this so? The history of the rise, the change in age incidence, and the decline of smallpox rather lead to the conclusion that we may here have to do with a natural cycle of disease like plague, and that smallpox is no longer a natural disease for this country.10

Whatever the effects of vaccination, it is clear that it was not the cause of the disappearance of smallpox from England or Europe.11 It may have contributed to the eradication of the disease in the rest of the world, but in Europe and North America, it was clearly unnecessary.

Since the disease has been declared officially eradicated, the original cowpox vaccine no longer forms part of the childhood vaccination program in any country.


Public health and vaccination programs rest on one central story: that they were crucial to the elimination of one of history’s greatest killers, smallpox. As we’ve seen, this is not true: vaccination was never universal across Europe and North America,12 and the decline in mortality and the disease disappeared at the same time everywhere in the Western world, despite whatever variations in public health policies there were. Even countries such as England that had de facto given up on compulsory vaccination were rid of the disease.13 As Ludwig von Mises, and the liberal tradition before him, argued ideas rule the world. The official history of smallpox is a main support for the policies of modern health authorities. If it is exposed as largely mythical, the central ideological justification for compulsory vaccination falls by the wayside.

As well as putting the lie to the official history of smallpox, the English experience shows how local populations imbued with liberal principles14 effectively nullified public health measures dictated by the central government. For those combatting coercive public health measures today, they can in this too provide inspiration.

1. See Donald A. Henderson, Smallpox: The Death of a Disease (New York: Prometheus Books, 2013), EPUB.

2. a. b. One example to suggest Cobbett’s character: when in exile in Philadelphia in the 1790s for angering the British military establishment, Cobbett ran a bookshop in whose window he proudly displayed a portrait of George III and published much loyalist literature.

3. Henderson, Smallpox, figure 4.

4. See the data in W. Troesken, The Pox of Liberty: How the Constitution Left Americans Rich, Free, and Prone to Infection (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2015), p. 77. Professor Troesken supports the standard narrative, but his data clearly shows that it cannot be true.

5. Encyclopedia Britannica, 9th ed., vol. 24 (1888), s.v. “vaccination.”

6. Stuart M. F. Fraser, “Leicester and Smallpox: The Leicester Method,” Medical History 24 (1980): 315–32.

7. See S. Humphries and R. Bystrianyk, Dissolving Illusions: Disease, Vaccines, and the Forgotten History (self-pub., 2013), chap. 6, for an account of the Great Demonstration.

8. Fraser, “Leicester and Smallpox,” 322.

9. Ibid., 317.

10. G.K. Bowes, “Epidemic Disease: Past, Present and Future,” Journal of the Royal Sanitary Institute 66, no. 3 (1946): 174–79, esp. 176. According to Arthur Allen, Vaccine: The Controversial History of Medicine’s Greatest Lifesaver (New York: W.W. Norton, 2007), p. 69, the vaccination rate in England was 50 percent in 1914 and 18 percent in 1948.

11. As an aside, it may be mentioned that the low fatality rates touted in support of compulsory vaccination are only in evidence in Scandinavia and (from the late nineteenth century) Germany. This seems a tender reed on which to support this core measure of public health.

12. Troesken, Pox of Liberty, details the American case. He overstates the impotence of national government, however, as mandatory laws on the state and local level can be just as effective as federal legislation.

13. While I have not found numbers for vaccine compliance for other European countries, I have in fact become extremely skeptical of the idea that vaccination was universal, even in the Scandinavian countries. However, as should be clear from this essay, even accepting the record of Germany or Denmark as true, it does not prove that vaccination was necessary, or even contributed to, the end of smallpox in Europe.

14. Fraser, Leicester and Smallpox, argues that the antivaccinationists were a coalition of artisans and laborers objecting to vaccination and middle-class people objecting to compulsion. Leicester was also a center of religious nonconformism.

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